Paleolithic Age is thought of as part of the Stone

Age that began about  500,000 to 750,00 years

BC and it lasted until the end of the last ice age

about 8,500 years BC. 

The Paleolithic Age is a prehistoric era distinguished by the development of the first stone tools, and covers roughly 99% of

Cave Art

Prehistoric Cave Drawings

human technological history. It extends from the introduction of stone tools by hominids such as Australopithecines 2.5 or 2.6 million years ago, to the introduction of agriculture and the end of the Pleistocene around 12,000 BP. The Paleolithic era is followed by the Mesolithic period.

During the Paleolithic, humans grouped together in small societies such as bands or tribes, and subsisted by gathering plants like grasses, berries and roots and hunting or scavenging wild animals. The Paleolithic is characterized by the use of hand-made stone tools, although at the time they also fashioned Tools made of wood and bone. Other organic commodities were adapted for use as tools, which includes leather and vegetable fibers; however, due to the nature of these materials, they have not been preserved over time. Surviving artifacts of the Paleolithic era are known as Paleoliths.

Humankind gradually evolved from early members of the genus Homo such as Homo habilis —

Neanderthal Hand Axes From Southern Europe

who used simple stone tools — into fully behaviorally and anatomically modern humans (Homo sapiens sapiens) during the Paleolithic era. During the end of the Paleolithic, specifically the Middle and or Upper Paleolithic, humans began to produce the earliest works of art and they engaged in religious and spiritual behavior such as burial and ritual. The climate during the Paleolithic consisted of a set of glacial and interglacial periods in which the climate periodically fluctuated between warm and cold temperatures.

The term Paleolithic was coined by archaeologist John Lubbock in 1865. It derives from Greek: palaios, “old”; and lithos, “stone”, literally meaning “old age of the stone” or “Old Stone Age.”

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